- Essential Profile
Family: Thymus vulgaris, Family Lamiaceae
General description of
plant, habitat & growth: Perennial dwarf shrub that grows to twelve
inches in height, with woody stems, tiny, slightly woolly leaves, and
Chemical Components: 6-Isopropyl-M-Cresol, Terpenoid phenol Thymol, Isomer Carvacrol, Cymol (used in 1855) now called paracymene, Linaloöl, and Camphene.
Chemotypes: [see 375 Essential Oils & Hydrosols] and Aromatherapy and Herbal Studies Courses. There are many species, varieties and chemotypes of Thyme and they are extensively discussed in the above two reference works. In brief, here are the actions:
Thyme CT borneol (alcohol•mono-terpenol) – from Thymus satureioides, also with carvacrol, inhaled to assist in the treatment of bulimia, chronic infections and fatigue.
Thyme CT carvacrol (phenol) – warming and active, used as an anti-infection agent in lotions or the herb in tea. Any plant with significant amounts of carvacrol will work this way.
Thyme CT cineole (oxide) – from Thymus mastichina, called Wild Marjoram, inhaled and taken to decongest the lungs and for chronic bronchitis.
Thyme CT citral (aldehyde composed of neral & geranial) – from Thymus hiemalis and some others. Contains up to 34% citral that is an anti-viral when applied and calming if inhaled.
Thyme CT geraniol – milder than some and useful in skin products for acne or eczema or for problems of the ear, nose and throat or taken internally for blood infections.
Thyme CT linalool (alcohol•mono-terpenol) – the scent is warm, herbaceous and floral and used in products or taken for fungal infections.
Thyme CT paracymene (monoterpene) – from Thymus serpyllum, in blends as an antiseptic and inhaled as a tonic stimulant and as a pain reliever in massage blends. para-Cymol is the older discarded non-systematic name for this chemical Thyme CT thujanol (alcohol•mono-terpenol) – this type is a powerful antibacterial and it is used for external male and female problems such as venereal warts and herpes.
Thyme CT thymol (phenol) – from T. vulgaris and T. zygis and oftener called Spanish Thyme. A major anti-infective, it is used in lotions and creams or applied externally; reduces infection. However, this is a major skin irritant and can only be used highly diluted. Thyme CT phenol (carbolic acid) See carvacrol, chavicol, eugenol and thymol
[See 375 Essential Oils & Hydrosols]
Interesting Facts: “Thyme was used medicinally by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans. Most present day research has centered on thyme’s ability as an antibacterial and anti-infectious agent, even when diffused in the air. There are several species of thyme oil in use, and although the strongest is red thyme and the gentlest is Linaloöl, their uses are the same. The difference is in their relative strength. [see Herbs & Things for herbal information]
In regards to the plant Thymus mastichina, it is usually listed under the Oregano/Marjoram category.
Properties (by IG=ingestion or
IN=inhalation or AP=application):
Physical Uses & How used (IG or AP):
Emotional Uses (AP or IN):
Hydrosol Use: Has the same active properties as the essential oil but also includes the herbal properties. For colds flu or infection, take 1 t. diluted in some water every hour while awake for the first day and less on succeeding days, as you get better. For external use on any type of skin infection use in the water that you wash with or make a compress and apply.
Key Use: As an antiseptic and antibiotic.
Safety Precautions: Some say do not use during pregnancy. Best used diluted as it may cause skin irritations.
Source: This is one of the essential oils
in the Basic 25 Kit.
DISCLAIMER: This work is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for accurate diagnosis and treatment by a qualified health care professional. The author is neither a chemist nor a medical doctor. The content herein is the product of research and some personal and practical experience. Institute of Aromatic & Herbal Studies - Jeanne Rose©
©All rights reserved 2004. No part of this
article from Aromatherapy Course – Home & Family
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