hydrosols, Jeanne Rose, aromatic, rose water


Aromatic News

Membership Benefits

Subscribe to the APP

Favorite Links


Black Spruce
Essential Oil Profile

By Dawn Copeland and Jeanne Rose

(with therapeutic additions)


Black Spruce
Picea Mariana


Name of Oil: Black Spruce

     Everyone should have at least one of the Pinaceae in his or her repertoire. We have chosen to profile Spruce, but a Pine or Fir could also have been done.

Latin Binomial/Botanical Family: Picea Mariana/Pinaceae

Countries of Origin: Native to Quebec, Canada 

General description of plant, habitat & growth:

      “A northern evergreen tree ranging from Alaska and sweeping down across Canada to the Maritime Provinces and northeastern states. The trunk grows straight and is without branches for much of its length” Canadian Forest Tree Essences, p.73.    

Portion of plant used in distillation, how distilled, extraction methods & yield:

     Leaves are steam distilled. Yield is about 1.5- 3%.


Organoleptic Characteristics:
 (see Vocabulary of Odor Basic 7© for description and organoleptic qualities)

     Color: Clear
     Clarity: Clear
     Viscosity: Watery, non-viscous
     Taste: Bland, bitter, mildly, astringent, cleansing, slightly acrid
     Odor Intensity: 3
     Chemical Components: 55% Monoterpenes, including Camphene, -Pinene and -3-
                                       Carene, -Bornyl acetate, and Sesquiterpenes.

Historical Uses:       

     Respiratory aide and for parasites

 Interesting Facts:


     Valuable for asthmatics who take corticosteroids. “It is known that Black Spruce roots were used for sewing birch bark canoes. Its resin was used as chewing gum and a poultice for sores, and the inner bark to treat a variety of other ailments” —Canadian Forest Tree Essences, p.73.

Hydrosol Use:

     This is a fragrant hydrosol that can be used in bath, compress, and particularly in steams or nasal lavage for the health of the respiratory system.

Essential Oil Properties (by IG=ingestion or IN=inhalation or AP=application):

     Taken with other oils as a treatment for asthma, allergies, chronic bronchitis.

     Hormone-like, possibly stimulating the thymus gland, cortisone-like properties that affect the HPA axis, bactericide, disinfectant, stimulant, expectorant, adrenal stimulant, grounding, calmative, and uplifting.

     Antifungal for Candida, vulnerary

Physical Uses & How used (IG or AP):

     To expel internal parasites.

     Antifungal for Candida, useful for solar plexus spasms, and prostatitis. Also used as a household cleaner.

    Bronchitis, asthma, excessive thyroid function, and asthenic conditions. Also used as an air freshener.

Emotional Uses (AP or IN):

     Sudden fatigue and exhaustion, grounding, anxiety, stress, and deep healing for the dark side of the male, or
active, principle.

Key Use:
     Respiratory ailments and as a vulnerary (a remedy used for treating wounds)

Safety Precautions:
     None known.


This is one of the essential oils in the Basic 25 Kit and the Aromatherapy Conifer Kit.
Essential Oil Profiles were by compiled Dawn Copeland of Chicago, Ill. with permission.

(Also References for Essential Oil profiles)

Rose, Jeanne . Herbal Studies Course, Jeanne Rose - Institute of Aromatic & Herbal Studies, 1992.
Lawless, Julia. The Encyclopedia of Essential Oils.
Miller, Richard & Ann. The Potential of Herbs as a Cash Crop. Acres USA. Kansas City. 1985.
Mojay, Gabriel. Aromatherapy for Healing the Spirit. Rochester, Vermont: Healing Arts Press,
Prakash, V. Leafy Spices. CRC Press. NY. 1990
Rizzi, Susanne. Complete Aromatherapy. Sterling. NY. 1989.
Rose, Jeanne. 375 Essential Oils and Hydrosols. Berkeley, California: Frog, Ltd., 1999
Rose, Jeanne. The Aromatherapy Book: Applications & Inhalations. San Francisco, California
Worwood, Susan & Valerie Ann. Essential Aromatherapy, a pocket guide to essential oils and
. Novato, CA. New World Library, 2003.

This work is intended for informational purposes only and is not a substitute for accurate diagnosis
and treatment by a qualified health care professional. The author is neither a chemist nor a medical doctor.
The content herein is the product of research and some personal and practical experience.

Institute of Aromatic & Herbal Studies - Jeanne Rose©

©All Rights Reserved 2002 to Course, Books, Kits and Profile.
No part of this article may be used without prior permission from The Aromatic Plant Project.
©Author's Copyright and Jeanne Rose,

Herbs Graphic Bar Elements Graphic Design
The Bar

Aromatic Plant Project · 219 Carl Street · San Francisco, CA 94117
Phone 415-564-6785
· Fax (415) 564-6799 · Information · Replies by Mail · Include Address
Copyright© Aromatic Plant Project 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006. All Rights Reserved   ·   Webmaster   ·   updated 09/28/04